French British Agreement Middle East

The British and French governments, as protectors of the Arab state, agree that they will not themselves acquire the territorial possession of a third power in the Arabian Peninsula and that they will not accept or accept a third power that will establish a naval base either on the east coast or on the Islands of the Red Sea. This does not, however, preclude an adaptation of the border with Aden, which may be necessary in the wake of the recent Turkish aggression. Loevy makes a similar point with regard to sections 4 to 8 of the agreement and refers to the British and French who practiced “Ottoman colonial development as insiders” and that this experience served as a roadmap for subsequent war negotiations. [51] while Khalidi highlighted Britain`s and France`s negotiations on the homs-Baghdad railways in 1913 and 1914, as well as their agreements with Germany in other regions, as a “clear basis” for their subsequent spheres of influence under the agreement. [52] Minutes recorded at a Meeting of the Big Four on March 20, 1919 in Paris, attended by Woodrow Wilson, Georges Clemenceau, Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, Lloyd George, and Arthur Balfour,[90] set out British and French views on the agreement. This was the first topic discussed in the discussion on Syria and Turkey and was the focus of all the discussions that followed. The agreement provides that France should exercise direct control over Cilicia, the coasts of Syria, Lebanon and most of the Galilee to the line that extends north of Akkon to the northwest corner of the Lake of Galilee (“blue zone”). In the east, in the Syrian hinterland, an Arab state should be created under the protection of France (“Zone A”). Britain should exercise control of southern Mesopotamia (“red zone”) and the area surrounding Acre-Haifa Bay in the Mediterranean and have the right to build a railway to Baghdad. The area east of the Jordan River and the Negev Desert, south of the line from Gaza to the Dead Sea, has been assigned to an Arab state under British protection (“Area B”). The “blue zone” of southern France, in the area that covers Jerusalem`s Sandchak and extends southward toward the line that roughly runs from Gaza to the Dead Sea, should be under international administration (“brown zone”).

Comments are closed.