Gootloader infection cleaned up

Dear blog owner and visitors,

This blog had been infected to serve up Gootloader malware to Google search victims, via a common tactic known as SEO (Search Engine Optimization) poisioning. Your blog was serving up 291 malicious pages. Your blogged served up malware to 169 visitors.

I tried my best to clean up the infection, but I would do the following:

  • Upgrade WordPress to the latest version (one way the attackers might have gained access to your server)
  • Upgrade all WordPress themes to the latest versions (another way the attackers might have gained access to your server)
  • Upgrade all WordPress plugins (another way the attackers might have gained access to your server), and remove any unnecessary plugins.
  • Verify all users are valid (in case the attackers left a backup account, to get back in)
  • Change all passwords (for WordPress accounts, FTP, SSH, database, etc.) and keys. This is probably how the attackers got in, as they are known to brute force weak passwords
  • Run antivirus scans on your server
  • Block these IPs ( and, either in your firewall, .htaccess file, or in your /etc/hosts file, as these are the attackers command and control servers, which send malicious commands for your blog to execute
  • Check cronjobs (both server and WordPress), aka scheduled tasks. This is a common method that an attacker will use to get back in. If you are not sure, what this is, Google it
  • Consider wiping the server completly, as you do not know how deep the infection is. If you decide not to, I recommend installing some security plugins for WordPress, to try and scan for any remaining malicious files. Integrity Checker, WordPress Core Integrity Checker, Sucuri Security,
    and Wordfence Security, all do some level of detection, but not 100% guaranteed
  • Go through the process for Google to recrawl your site, to remove the malcious links (to see what malicious pages there were, Go to Google and search agreement)
  • Check subdomains, to see if they were infected as well
  • Check file permissions

Gootloader (previously Gootkit) malware has been around since 2014, and is used to initally infect a system, and then sell that access off to other attackers, who then usually deploy additional malware, to include ransomware and banking trojans. By cleaning up your blog, it will make a dent in how they infect victims. PLEASE try to keep it up-to-date and secure, so this does not happen again.


The Internet Janitor

Below are some links to research/further explaination on Gootloader:

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MomoCon 2015 Sewing with Spandex Panel

Thank you to everyone who came out to my panel! Here are my current spandex related tutorials which should help provide supplemental material for the panel.

Spandex Review – Goes over the different characteristics and experiences with a variety of spandexes.

Spandex Appliques – Step by step process of appliqueing spiders for my Spider-Woman suit.

Stretchy Piping – Quick tutorial for adding piping to spandex suits.

Spandex Neck Binding – Process for a finishing technique for stretchy garments.

Spandex Head Pieces – Basic techniques for making spandex head gear.

Spandex and Worbla Bracers – Tutorial for creating metallic looking bracers.


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Tutorial: Spandex Neck Binding

Here’s a hopefully easy tutorial for binding a stretchy neckline with matching fabric! I think this gives necklines a nice clean look similar to manufactured shirts.

20150516_191007Start with cutting out your strip of spandex, or other stretchy knit (I’m using a poly/cotton blend knit here). Make sure you are cutting it so that it stretches along the length if you are using a 2 way stretch fabric and that it is longer than the diameter of your neckline. I usually cut a two inch wide piece.

20150516_200702Pin and stitch your strip on to the neckline of your garment with right sides of the fabric together, and ends free at the center back of your neckline. For the ends at the back of the neck I’ll butt the pieces together with the excess hanging toward the inside of the strip, and start sewing from where it’s pinned directly on either side of the loose ends. Whatever you make your seam allowance will be how wide the binding ends up on your garment. I use about a 1/2 inch seam allowance. Also, make sure to use a stretchy stitch! I use a zigzag stitch for this part.

20150516_201243Sew up your ends together with whichever stitch you prefer, and cut off any excess. If you don’t feel comfortable stitching the strip on exactly from center back to center back without going over the center back on either side give yourself a little wiggle room for sewing the ends together: start and finish your stitch from the previous step further out from the center back, then sew up the center back of the binding, and then finish stitching down your strip on the neckline over the center back where you left a little gap.

20150516_201524Flip your binding up. You may find it helpful to press it from the right side at this point. You would definitely do that if you were doing something similar with woven fabrics instead of knits. Here’s what your binding should look similar to from the inside of your garment at this point.

20150516_201856Fold the binding over the edge of the neckline to the inside of your garment and pin in place.

20150516_202327From the outside of your garment topstitch down your binding. Here I’m using the widest straight stretch stitch my machine will do directly below the seam created by first stitching the binding to the neckline. You may notice I have switched from my trusty teflon foot to a foot I can see through the middle of, so I can keep a better eye on exactly where my stitching is going.

20150516_203431Carefully trim off any excess binding you want to lose on the inside of your neckline. You can also press the binding for a final crispness after this if desired.

20150516_204416Check out your new bound neckline! This was for my Fionna shirt, so I wanted to put it together with the other costume pieces I had at this point.


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Tutorial: Spandex Head Pieces

Here’s a rough guide to sewing spandex head pieces. You can use this for face covering cowls too, I just happened to be working on my Fionna hat when I documented this process.

20150421_204251Start with something shaped and sized like your head, it doesn’t have to be exact. I pad out a wig head with scrap fabric and then cover it in one of my homemade wig caps (what I turn all my ruined stockings into).

20150421_204804I find it helpful to then draw some rough guidelines on the wig cap cover. On this one I drew roughly where I was thinking of placing the ears, crown seam, and face opening. I also marked about where my eyes would be.

20150421_205506Cover whatever form your using for your head in something to draw on. I was very much working with what I had around home at the moment and pulled out a shopping bag. I taped and stapled it to fit more and drew my pieces out. To get smoother pieces and a better fit you could try something else like covering the head in plastic wrap, then covering that in masking tape to draw on and hold the wrap together.

20150421_210722Cut apart your pieces you’ve just worked on patterning and transfer them to paper. Again, working with what I had and taped multiple pieces of printer paper together.

20150421_212351Add in your seam allowances and any other markings you made need, such as CUT ON FOLD.

20150426_112943Cut out your paper pattern. Then lay it out and cut it out of fabric with the same degree of stretch as your final fabric for a mockup.

20150426_115330Sew together your mockup with large zigzag basting stitches. Zigzag stitches stretch whereas straight stitches do not.

20150426_123617Take in, fit, and mark your mockup as needed. It’s okay for it to look a bit like a mess as long as it fits.

20150426_131723Take apart your mockup (the large basting stitches were to make this part easier) and compare it with your paper pattern. Make any adjustments needed.

20150426_172735Use your finished pattern to cut and sew your headgear out of your actual fabric. This particular piece is lined for finishing. I also used snaps at the neck for closure.

20150428_195217Here’s my finished hat with the ears attached (and over the wig)! I used lightweight jewelry wire to pose and keep the ears upright.

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Mini Stretchy Piping Tutorial

10377072_649964811755996_3072222361943197803_nHere’s a quick rundown of how I made stretchy piping for Magneto. 1. Get your materials: spandex, elastic cord, ruler, fabric scissors, marking tool.




2. Measure out how wide to cut strips of elastic and mark. My elastic was 1/4 in. wide and my seam allowances were 1/2 in. so my elastic strips were 1 1/2 wide to allow for all that.




3. Cut out your spandex strips.






4. Pin spandex in half with the right side out around the elastic cord.





5. Using a zipper or piping foot baste sides of spandex together close to elastic cord.





6. Admire your piping after stitching it together!





7. Sew between sections of garment to add piping detail. I recommend basting it to one section first before sewing both sections together and completely sandwiching the piping.

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New Year New Updates

Whew. I finally took some time to add new content. You can now find: pictures from the 2014 Buddy Walk under Volunteer Work, pictures of Sabine and Magneto under Commissions, and new costume listings. I’ve added entries for Human Luna (Sailor Moon), Princess Luna (My Little Pony), and Bombshell Mera. I also added multiple new pictures to Scarlet Witch and Twilight Sparkle. Here’s some previews, but browse around the sections for more!

Tutorial: Tinkerbell Wig Bun

Happy Thanksgiving! Sorry for the lack of posts recently! I’ve dug up some old pictures to add a new tutorial. Here’s one way I make buns for wig styling. This is the technique I also used for Luna.

DSCN2788Tie together a generous clump of loose hair that matches the wig with a cut rubberband. The base wig I was using was a blend of the colors 24 and 613, so I got loose hair in those colors and blended them together for the bun. Trim the ends of the hair so that they’re fairly flush with each other. Generously apply caulk to the end and push it into the fibers so that they’ll be well connected. Walk away and let the caulk dry. After the caulk has dried you can also remove the rubberband. This picture shows the caulk dry.

DSCN2789 Sew together a donut of fleece the size you want your bun to be. I rolled the fleece up to the volume I wanted and then sewed the ends together.

DSCN2790Insert the caulked together hair into the donut hole. Sew it in place at the bottom of the bun/caulked end of the hair. You shouldn’t have problems running the curved needle through the dried caulk.

DSCN2791 Wrap the hair around the donut one section at a time and stitch into place. Use overlapping stitches. When the excess hair starts crisscrossing and getting in your way you can trim off some of the excess length. And what I did is go around the bun once with just enough hair to cover it and then went back over thin spots with hair I still had left. I was just trying to be careful and make sure everything would be covered.

DSCN2792Continue wrapping and stitching until the whole donut is covered.

DSCN2793Caulk the mess out of the ends of the hair within the ring of stitching. Walk away, finish your costume, come back a few days later and see if it is dry. Seriously I used so much caulk here that I set it aside for about a week to dry. This picture shows the caulk wet.

DSCN2805 Once that is finally dry you can do any more styling you want to it and pin it to the base wig. All I did to it was hairspray it and blow dry it a bit before attaching it to the base wig. For Tinkerbell I safety pinned the bun on so it could be easily removed if the wig needed washing or to be used for other characters. For Luna I sewed them on. I really like being able to attach these buns these ways since the base is fleece.



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June 2014: Superhero Day and HeroesCon

June has been a very busy month! On Father’s Day I joined some of my friends from Heroes Alliance for Superhero Day at Fernbank Museum of Natural History. This year I attended as Supergirl and had a lot of fun! I’m really glad Fernbank invited us back for the event. Thanks to Terminus Media and Your Mojo By Jojo for photographing the event.

June 20-22 Allen and I hit the road to attend HeroesCon with some of our friends. I love HeroesCon! It’s my second favorite convention after Dragon Con. I wore two costumes and bought a bunch of comics, along with some action figures and art. Friday I cosplayed as Twilight Sparkle with my friends Morgan and Carrie as Pinkie Pie and Fluttershy. I hardly get to see either of these ladies, so I’m really glad we cosplayed together! Saturday I wore my new Scarlet Witch costume for the first time! I got to hang out with lots of other Marvel costumed buddies and had a great time. I’m already looking forward to what next year’s HeroesCon may have in store! Pictures used courtesy of Carrie Wink, Pat Loika, and Contagious Media.

Free Comic Book Day 2014

I had a great time at Free Comic Book Day this year at Teahouse Comics! The comics I’ve read so far have been good too. I really enjoyed the Rocket Raccoon story! I dressed up as Donna Troy for FCBD. I figured I could go a little more obscure with my cosplay choice since comic shop customers are going to know a wider variety of characters than the general public. Also, everyone likes sparklies! My friends Megan and Melissa also came out as Jesse Quick and Mystique. Spider-Girl and Deadpool stopped by the store for a bit too. There was a great turnout for FCBD this year!  It was great seeing so many people come out to support their local comic shop. For me the best part was the little girls I got to see in the store. I don’t think I ever really expected there to be a time when I would really get to interact with really young girls who were excited about reading comics. I grew up watching shows like Batman but I was older than most of these girls when I started reading comics. I think this is really a great time for comic fans!

Now, I’d like to talk about what I think is a particularly important comic right now: My Little Pony Friendship Is Magic. I’ve been a fan of the My Little Pony franchise as long as I can remember. However, these days I feel it has really gone in some bold directions and made an important impact. Of course I enjoy the animated show too. It’s really positive and well written with a great variety of characters and fun adventurous stories. I know adult fans of the show also enjoy the pop culture references that are sometimes snuck in, like pony versions of Doctor Who and Big Lebowski characters appearing. The comic runs with these quirks even further and cranks up the level of adventure from the average show episode. Some characters are taken in interesting directions I don’t think the show would venture to take either. Bottom line is, it’s a great all ages comic that’s enjoyable for both kids and adults to read. My Little Pony is a fun comic that’s engaging for adults without unnecessarily simplifying the story or characters for younger readers.  It’s constantly one of the highlights of my pull list. I’ve dropped and added some other titles over the last year and a half, but have solidly stuck with Friendship is Magic. While the target demographic for the My Little Pony franchise is obviously young girls the brony phenomenon has proven it to be relate-able and enjoyable for all kinds of people. The bronies I’ve met have also been some of the nicest people you could hope to meet in any fandom.  My Little Pony comics can be a great way to get young fans of the show reading more, and possibly discover other interests and books along the way as they visit comic shops or books stores to pick up comics. I talked to a couple little girls at length about ponies during Free Comic Book Day. It was a treat to see these girls excited about comics, reading, and the virtues of these characters as well as the adventures they have. Please consider giving ponies a chance if you haven’t already!

(FCBD photos by Joyce Palmer Johnson, Frameshot, and whoever I could get to use my camera phone at the time.)

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Spandex Review

I have found working with spandex to be a continuous learning process. It is good to learn about the properties of different types of spandex so you can plan for what you want to get out of your garments.

One of the main differences between different types of spandex is the weight. The given weight of a spandex corresponds to how thick it is. Personally I generally prefer thicker spandex. Thicker  spandex is a bit more forgiving and helps hide lines from undergarments. I have some friends however, who work out a lot and prefer their suits be made out of thinner spandex to help show off their definition.

Another main characteristic to consider is which way a spandex stretches. Some spandex comes in both 4 way and 2 way stretch. You’ll get a stretch both vertically and horizontally with 4 way, but only in one direction with 2 way. Generally it will be easier to accommodate for your garments having a 4 way stretch. With a 2 way stretch you will need to pay closer attention to fitting and make sure you also use spandex with 2 way stretch to make your mockup.

The following weight information I provide, along with my pictures and experiences with some different types of spandex, comes from Spandex World.

Milliskin is a thinner spandex at 6oz/square yard. You can get it in either a shiny or matte finish. With it being thinner I personally would not want to make a whole bodysuit out of it. I did use red matte milliskin to make my Cassie Sandsmark Wonder Girl top.


I used shiny gold milliskin for the gold stars on my Donna Troy Wonder Girl as well as the outer fabric for the belt.


Wet look spandex is 5 oz/square yard and has a slightly shiny wet look. This can add an interesting effect to garments. I used wet look for Aquaman’s pants since I thought that would be a nice effect for an aquatic character.


Moleskin has a weight I like at 8 oz/square yard. I used matte brush finish moleskin for Spider-Woman, and my suit is very comfortable. However, the  black moleskin was very full of dye. Even though I pre-washed it I still had problems with the black bleeding onto the white when washing the suit. To avoid this now I hand wash the suit as normal, tumble dry it until it is just damp and no longer very wet, then hang it to dry the rest of the way. This way gravity can’t pull water with black dye in it down through the white parts of my suit. My white moleskin was also not as opaque as I would have liked. I layered the legs of the suit with another spandex to make them more opaque.


Spandex with metallic finish is going to be more delicate as far as wear and tear goes. The finish on metallic spandex will wear off with use. I would not want to use metallic spandex for a whole suit but I do like to use it for accents and accessories. I used silver metallic spandex for Donna Troy’s belt and to cover the bracers.

_E032935 copy

I used a metallic stretch denim for Clea. The finish on the fingers of the gloves started wearing  off after wearing it once. So, Clea is not a costume I plan on wearing many times.


Metallic stretch vinyl needs to be stored and handled carefully. Creases can form easily in folded stretch vinyl and damage the fabric. I used gold stretch vinyl for the Ws on my top for Cassie.


Holographic spandex seems sturdier than metallic to me, however holographic finish can crack. Subtle cracking does not seem very noticeable to me. I used holographic fish scale spandex for Mera.


Stretch velvet has a nice weight to it at 8oz/square yard. You need to pay attention to the pile with stretch velvet. The velvet will be smooth in one direction and rough in the other. You want the smoothness of the pile of velvet to go in the same direction. Pay special attention to how your patterns are laid out on your fabric in accordance with the pile before cutting out your pieces. So if your want your velvet to be smooth going downwards make sure your pattern pieces are  with the pile going smooth from top to bottom of each piece when pinned on. You may need more fabric than normal for a project to account for the pile of velvet. I used black stretch velvet with silver glitter for Donna Troy.


When in doubt about about the qualities of a spandex always order a swatch. Spandex World charges small fees for swatches. Aside from examining qualities like stretch, finish, and weight I also like to get swatches so I can see how the colors look in person.

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